FIBROID

  • Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during childbearing years. 

  • Uterine fibroids are rarely associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer 

  • Fibroids range in size from seedlings, undetectable by the human eye, to bulky masses that can distort and enlarge the uterus. You can have a single fibroid or multiple ones. 

Symptoms

Many women who have fibroids don't have any symptoms. In those that do, symptoms can be influenced by the location, size and number of fibroids.

In women who have symptoms, the most common signs and symptoms of uterine fibroids include:

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding

  • Menstrual periods lasting more than a week

  • Pelvic pressure or pain

  • Frequent urination

  • Difficulty emptying the bladder

  • Constipation

  • Backache or leg pains

Rarely, a fibroid can cause acute pain when it outgrows its blood supply, and begins to die.

fibroid.png

When to see a doctor

See your doctor if you have:

  • Pelvic pain that doesn't go away

  • Overly heavy, prolonged or painful periods

  • Spotting or bleeding between periods

  • Difficulty emptying your bladder

  • Unexplained low red blood cell count (anemia)

Seek prompt medical care if you have severe vaginal bleeding or sharp pelvic pain that comes on suddenly.

Risk factors

There are few known risk factors for uterine fibroids, other than being a woman of reproductive age. Factors that can have an impact on fibroid development include:

  • Race. Although all women of reproductive age could develop fibroids, black women are more likely to have fibroids than are women of other racial groups. In addition, black women have fibroids at younger ages, and they're also likely to have more or larger fibroids, along with more-severe symptoms.

  • Heredity. If your mother or sister had fibroids, you're at increased risk of developing them.

  • Other factors. Starting your period at an early age; obesity; a vitamin D deficiency; having a diet higher in red meat and lower in green vegetables, fruit and dairy; and drinking alcohol, including beer, appear to increase your risk of developing fibroids.

TREATMENT

All fibroids dont need treatment untill and unlesss they are bigger than 4-5 cm,they are causing excessive bleeding and anaemia or when they are hanging inside the uterine cavity causing excessive bleeding,pain and difficulty in conception.

* Medical treatment can be given where not causing any symptom and 3-4 cm in size or unfit for surgery.

*Where fibroids are huge they are to be removed by open surgery or laparoscopically..