Menopause is defined as the point in time when menstrual cycles permanently cease due to the natural depletion of ovarian oocytes from aging. Often the first symptom of impending menopause is a change in bleeding patterns.
Periods may become lighter or heavier, longer or shorter, the time between periods may increase and there may be occasional missed periods. These changes may occur gradually in some women, yet are more abrupt in others
During this period, it is common for women to experience varied :-
Physical changes like.---Hot flushes (occurring in approximately 60% of women),Sweats (often at night),Tiredness,Headaches,Joint and bone pain,Palpitations,Unusual skin sensations,Vaginal dryness, incontinence and infections of the urinary tract and vagina may occur due to the thinning of the vagina and bladder walls etc
Psychological signs and symptoms may include: Anxiety,Reduced interest in sex, Irritability and mood swings, Difficulty concentrating ,Loss of Confidence, Difficulty sleeping, Depression etc
But each woman experiences a different set of symptoms during the period leading up to menopause, which is otherwise known as peri-menopause.
Although the diagnosis can be made by the patient’s history, if required laboratory testing may be performed to confirm the diagnosis of menopause.
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
Lifestyle factors:-Changes in lifestyle can help to reduce the severity of menopausal symptoms and decrease the risk of osteoporosis and heart disease. Diet and exercise are two very important aspects of these lifestyle changes.
Mood/ Depression and anxiety changes related therapy
Try to get seven to eight hours of sleep.
Get active to help you feel your best..
Avoid taking on too many duties as much as possible. Look for positive ways to ease your stress.
Join a support group online or in your community with women who are also going through menopause.
Talk to doctor about menopausal hormone therapy, which can help with mild mood changes.
When to meet doctor for consultation---
If any of your menopause symptoms bother you, take Appointment with Dr Harsha Jain and discuss your problems.